Book review: Printing-Process Control and Standardization

Robert Y Chung, RIT Press, Rochester, New York, 200 pages, August 2020, US$ 45.00

Robert Chung
Printing-Process Control and Standardization Robert Y. Chung RIT Press, Rochester, New York, 200 pages, August 2020, US$ 45.00

Control and standardisation are two difficult goals to achieve in printing, especially when it relates color. In each of the printing processes there are more than 150 variables, and every variable ultimately affects ink transfer to the substrate – hence a great need for process standardization.

Robert Y Chung the author of one of the latest books on the subject Printing-Process Control and Standardization has over 36 years of teaching experience at the Rochester Institute of Technology. He unfolds the history of colour management and process standardisation to the present and gives a thorough explanation of various ways it has, and can, be achieved.

The book starts with explanations of densitometry, colorimetry, ICC color management before the explanation on standards. Chung explains that there are the following categories of standards around the world and also explains how they differ but are trying to achieve the same basic reproduction criteria established now and over the past 100 years.

PrintPack Show Daily

1. Industry level, e.g., SWOP, GRACoL, G7 (USA0, Fogra, bvdm (Germany), Ugra (Switzerland), BPIF (UK)
2. National level, ANSI, CGATS in USA
3. International level, ISO / TC130

The ISO / TC 130 (which the Bureau of Indian Standards MSD 6 interacts with), has eleven working groups, and each standard goes thorough seven stages from initiation to final publication.

To implement the standards, ‘conformity of print production’ is required based on statistical process control. This process has to be based on deviation from standards as well as production variation. The difference between the two is nicely explained in the book. Material testing, process standardization, and personnel training are key factors to be successful in these efforts. However, it is stated that there has been a decline in the number color process standards certified printers globally, and certification is basically driven by the print buyers if they insist. The current total number of certified printers are around 3,000 globally. Following are the present certification bodies worldwide –

Brazil – ABTG
France – UNIC
Germany – bvdm, Fogra, Heidelberg ISO 12647-2
Italy – CertiPrint, cmyQ
Japan – JPMA
Netherland – SCGM
Sweden – CGP
Switzerland – Ugra
UK – PMC, BPIF, Mellowcolour
USA – G7, PSA, GMI, X-Rite Pantone

The book also explains how the projects are undertaken at the RIT and this should be of great interest to the print faculty as well as students all over the world. The book is highly recommended for every one involved in graphic arts and printing activities.

Kiran Prayagi can be reached at

The impact, resilience, and growth of responsible packaging in a wide region are daily chronicled by Packaging South Asia.

A multi-channel B2B publication and digital platform such as Packaging South Asia is always aware of the prospect of new beginnings and renewal. Its 16-year-old print monthly, based in New Delhi, India has demonstrated its commitment to progress and growth. The Indian and Asian packaging industries have shown resilience in the face of ongoing challenges over the past three years.

As we present our publishing plan for 2023, India’s real GDP growth for the financial year ending 31 March 2023 will reach 6.3%. Packaging industry growth has exceeded GDP growth even when allowing for inflation in the past three years.

The capacity for flexible film manufacturing in India increased by 33% over the past three years. With orders in place, we expect another 33% capacity addition from 2023 to 2025. Capacities in monocartons, corrugation, aseptic liquid packaging, and labels have grown similarly. The numbers are positive for most of the economies in the region – our platform increasingly reaches and influences these.

Even given the disruptions of supply chains, raw material prices, and the challenge of responsible and sustainable packaging, packaging in all its creative forms and purposes has significant headroom to grow in India and Asia. Our context and coverage engulf the entire packaging supply chain – from concept to shelf and further – to waste collection and recycling. We target brand owners, product managers, raw material suppliers, packaging designers and converters, and recyclers.

In an admittedly fragmented and textured terrain, this is the right time to plan your participation and marketing support communication – in our impactful and highly targeted business platform. Tell us what you need. Speak and write to our editorial and advertising teams! For advertisement , for editorial and for subscriptions

– Naresh Khanna

Subscribe Now
unnamed 1


Subscribe to our Newsletter

As 2023 begins and FY 23-24 unfolds, will you support us?

What lies in store for the packaging industry in India and South Asia this coming year? Inflation, disruption of supply chains or environmental regulation? Or the resumption of high rural demand, continued investment and industry consolidation? Whatever happens, Packaging South Asia will be there, providing clarity and independent technical and business information in India and South Asia and around the world. We are a compact Indian organization bringing a window of fair and rigorous technical and business information that the industry can access this year and beyond. Please support us with your advertising and subscriptions, to keep us going and growing.

Thank you.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here