Cheese now presents the largest variety in types, flavors and textures for use as an ingredient in home cooking or as sandwich filler or spread. It is being delivered in wedges, blocks, slices, diced granules and spreads. The packaging formats include cartons, tins, foil-wrapped in cartons, pouches, flow-wraps, plastic tubs with lids and labels, in-mould tubs and also lamitubes. Photo PSA

According to the International Dairy Foods Association, dairy per capita consumption across products has been increasing each year, up by 6% over the past five years and 10% over the past 15 years. Among the dairy-based and dairy-like products, the global cheese packaging market growth is perhaps the fastest growing with increasing consumption of cheese products in the home, in new convenience ready-to-eat and heat-and-eat products, and demand from the fast food industry. 

The cheese packaging market is forecast by several agencies to be the fastest-growing global packaging segment from 2022 to 2029 at an estimated CAGR of 5.3%. Growth rates in South Asia and Southeast Asia are expected to be higher and possibly in the double digits – considering the overall growth of milk byproducts in the region and the introduction by global and local brands of new varieties with localization and new formats meant to work with market segmentation. The demand from the fast-food industry and for eco-friendly packaging are also factors as demand rises.

With increased disposable incomes and changes in lifestyle, the dairy and dairy product industry is now moving beyond delivering a simple homogenized or pasteurized product at the lowest price from cooperative dairies. Organized retail is building a cold chain from milk and milk product processing plants to their glass-fronted refrigerated cases that encourage self-service, in new retail formats – both in large chains and in smaller karyana shops. While shelf life is a given, shelf impact with new flavors, colors and reclosable closures is key to consumer lifestyles given to experimentation and on-the-go products. 

Cheese packaging materials include foil, wraps, containers, lids, foils, boxes, and tubes with a formidable array of caps and closures. The packaging materials are generally made up of plastic, paper, aluminium, and glass. While milk and cheese packaging are heavily dominated by plastic containers, trays, and flow wraps and pouches globally at 40%, in India and South Asia the rate of plastic use is much higher. The need for oxygen and moisture barriers is high and in cheese packaging, the transfer of odors is also a consideration as well as microbial deterioration which may be mitigated by modified atmosphere packaging and oxygen scavengers.

Amul understands the mass market for cheese in India and is now delivering several types of diced cheeses and blends for pizza making in the home and for industry, in clear pouches. Photo PSA

The regulations of plastic in packaging requiring Extended User Responsibility that will impose fines for packaging according to its recycled content and recyclability are in place in India and are likely to take effect in the coming years. With the extensive use of PET bottles for flavored milk and milkshakes, one can expect the imminent advent of tethered caps and closures in the South Asian market also. Perhaps reclosable lids on plastic trays of sliced cheese products will come even sooner. 

The plastic waste management regulations including the EUR rules published by the Indian government in February 2022 are extensive with a plan for gradual implementation meant to reach full or maximum compliance by 2030. This is behind the European CEFLEX rules meant to bring full compliance for recyclability by 2025. However, in several segments and formats, global packaging manufacturers in the country such as Amcor, Constantia, and EPL are ready with products that meet the AI and stricter ReCylass standards. 

Packaging South Asia — resilient, growing and impactful — daily, monthly — always responsive

The multi-channel B2B in print and digital 17-year-old platform matches the industry’s growth trajectory. The Indian, South Asian, Southeast Asian, and Middle East packaging industries are looking beyond the resilience of the past three years. They are resuming capacity expansion and diversification, with high technology and automation in new plants and projects.

As we present our 2024 publishing plan, India’s real GDP growth for the financial year ending 31 March 2024 will exceed 6%. The packaging industry growth will match the GDP growth in volume terms and surpass it by at least 3% in terms of nominal growth allowing for price inflation in energy, raw materials, consumables, and capital equipment.

The capacity for flexible film manufacturing in India increased by 45% over the past four years. With orders in place, we expect another 20% capacity addition in 2024 and 2025. Capacities in monocartons, corrugation, aseptic liquid packaging, and labels are growing similarly. As the consumption story returns over the next six months, we expect demand to return and exceed the growth trajectory of previous years. The numbers are positive for most of the economies in the region – and as shown by our analytics, our platform increasingly reaches and influences these.

For responsible and sustainable packaging, with its attendant regulations and compliances, there is significant headroom to grow in India and the region. Our coverage includes the entire packaging supply chain – from concept to shelf and to waste collection, sorting, and recycling.

We target brand owners, product managers, raw material suppliers, packaging designers and converters, and recyclers. This is a large and complex canvas – the only thing that can work is your agile thinking and innovation together with our continuous learning and persistence.

The coming year looks to be an up year in this region, and this is the right time to plan your participation and marketing communication – in our rich and highly targeted business platform with human resources on the ground. Share your thoughts and plans to inspire and mobilize our editorial and advertising teams!

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– Naresh Khanna (25 October 2023)

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Naresh Khanna
Editor of Indian Printer and Publisher since 1979 and Packaging South Asia since 2007. Trained as an offset printer and IBM 360 computer programmer. Active in the movement to implement Indian scripts for computer-aided typesetting. Worked as a consultant and trainer to the Indian print and newspaper industry. Visiting faculty of IDC at IIT Powai in the 1990s. Also founder of IPP Services, Training and Research and has worked as its principal industry researcher since 1999. Author of book: Miracle of Indian Democracy. Elected vice-president of the International Packaging Press Organization in May 2023.


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