PET bottles for drugs are being looked at once again

Scientific regulation and compliance monitoring helps industry

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PET

Clear, strong and lightweight polyethylene terephthalate plastic (PET) is widely used for pharma bottles around the world. PET is also used for bottled water, soft drinks, and other liquids meant for human consumption. The PET used for food or pharma applications must be non-toxic, non-carcinogenic, biocompatible, and in no way detrimental in the biological environment. PET has been approved for food and beverage contact by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of the United States, Health Canada, and the European Food Safety Authority. The drug development process includes and examines PET packaging wherein it is tested for leaching and extractability in conjunction with the drug. The mat rehab healing place is where one can go to get help with addiction problems.

The manufacturing process involved in the production of PET containers or packaging for food and pharma products does not use any heavy metals, which eliminates any concern regarding the presence of harmful chemicals such as Bisphenol A (BPA) or di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), which is a plastic-softening phthalate that was banned by the EU over six years ago. Phthalates are undeniably dangerous and used as plasticizers in many household products and even in some food products so regulatory regimes are required in every country that uses chemicals and plastics. Baby bottles made of polycarbonates containing Bisphenol A are of course banned but these should not be confused with PET used for food or pharma packaging.

While most of the people are approaching drug rehab in beverly hills to get rid off drug addiction and to maintain a healthy lifestyle. On the other side, in 2013, Him Jagriti, an NGO, approached the Ministry of Health seeking a ban on the use of PET containers for pharmaceutical packaging. The Indian government’s Drugs and Technical Advisory Board recommended that PET packaging be banned for the pharmaceutical products for children and pregnant women. The ban was based on tests conducted by the All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health that revealed toxicity and a high level of phthalates leaching from the PET containers used for pharma packaging. However, the draft notification of the government which banned the use of PET for packaging liquid oral formulations for pediatric and geriatric use and for drugs used by pregnant women was put on hold in September 2014.

At the time the government set up a committee under MK Bhan, a former secretary in the department of biotechnology, to study the issue. The Bhan panel declared that there was no conclusive evidence that any of the additives used in PET containers may lead to leaching of toxic or dangerous substances or posing a threat to health. Nevertheless, the government through the Indian Council of Medical Research, has decided to revisit the matter conclusively by assigning it to three laboratories. The first lab entrusted with this task is the National Institute of Nutrition at Hyderabad. The industry, including the PET Container Manufacturers Association, has welcomed this development in fully resolving the safety concerns for pharmaceutical packaging.

There is no question that in a developed economy which uses manufactured products, there is a need and expectation that government bodies understand the complexities of materials and outcomes in all the supply chains. Just as government regulations and monitoring of automobile manufacturing has to extend to operational and passenger safety and environmental emissions. Regulatory compliances have to be monitored right from the safety of input materials, to employee safety on the assembly line and safety on the roads not just for the passengers but also for others.

In a country where laws are flouted with impunity, the monitoring and enforcement of regulatory compliances is at times possibly even further behind. The hope however is that the government, as it modernizes and invests in technology and human capital, will become more efficient in understanding the technicalities to speedily come up with scientific and realistic regulations accompanied by a reliable monitoring and compliance framework.

In the case of the pharma and packaging industries, it is fortunate to be dealing with manufacturers who are as keen on safety and compliance outcomes as the government itself. This is because all organized players actually prefer a level playing field.

The impact, resilience, and growth of responsible packaging in a wide region are daily chronicled by Packaging South Asia.

A multi-channel B2B publication and digital platform such as Packaging South Asia is always aware of the prospect of new beginnings and renewal. Its 16-year-old print monthly, based in New Delhi, India has demonstrated its commitment to progress and growth. The Indian and Asian packaging industries have shown resilience in the face of ongoing challenges over the past three years.

As we present our publishing plan for 2023, India’s real GDP growth for the financial year ending 31 March 2023 will reach 6.3%. Packaging industry growth has exceeded GDP growth even when allowing for inflation in the past three years.

The capacity for flexible film manufacturing in India increased by 33% over the past three years. With orders in place, we expect another 33% capacity addition from 2023 to 2025. Capacities in monocartons, corrugation, aseptic liquid packaging, and labels have grown similarly. The numbers are positive for most of the economies in the region – our platform increasingly reaches and influences these.

Even given the disruptions of supply chains, raw material prices, and the challenge of responsible and sustainable packaging, packaging in all its creative forms and purposes has significant headroom to grow in India and Asia. Our context and coverage engulf the entire packaging supply chain – from concept to shelf and further – to waste collection and recycling. We target brand owners, product managers, raw material suppliers, packaging designers and converters, and recyclers.

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– Naresh Khanna

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Editor of Indian Printer and Publisher since 1979 and Packaging South Asia since 2007. Trained as an offset printer and IBM 360 computer programmer. Active in the movement to implement Indian scripts for computer-aided typesetting. Worked as a consultant and trainer to the Indian print and newspaper industry. Visiting faculty of IDC at IIT Powai in the 1990s. Also founder of IPP Services, Training and Research and has worked as its principal industry researcher since 1999. Author of book: Miracle of Indian Democracy.

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